Food security (reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food)
and food sustainability are at the heart of future healthy economies. Nearly 50% of
food in the UK is currently imported, much from unsustainable and insecure
supply chains. Intensive agricultural production across the world places huge
strain on the environment and land use which jeopardises biodiversity. 80% of
global freshwater withdrawals are used for irrigation worldwide, depleting
reservoirs and contributing to a virtual water trade. On top of this, water pollution
from agricultural production contaminates rivers and water supplies. Soil erosion
from climate change and intensive farming threatens traditional methods of food
production worldwide. 

Hydroponics (growing plants without soil) offers a potential solution to improve food
security. It requires much less water and can be implemented in any location.
However, the huge set-up costs of Hydroponic systems is an obstacle to widespread adoption. Furthermore, maintaining Hydroponic systems is also expensive and requires a high level of technical expertise. This R&D project solved the issues associated with Hydroponic systems through user-centric design. Our design utilised natural phenomenon found in nature and offered an inexpensive and scalable food production system. 
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